Birthstones and Gemstones
There are so many precious gems in the world and a select few have been related to the month an individual’s birth.
Here are the traditional birthstones:
January – Garnet
While red is the primary color found in a Garnet, this precious gem is part of a group of ten gemstones with similar chemical compositions. Although, they’ve been found more in antique jewelry they’ve kept up with the ages and style changes.
Amethyst – February
This violet extravagance is part of the quartz family. While it’s hardness is similar to other quartz stones its chemical structure is different. It has also been the stone of bishops and cardinals throughout history.
March – Aquamarine and Bloodstone
Aquamarines vary in color from deep blue of the sea to light blue of the sky. Woman of the ages love the way it brings out eyes and other features.
The Bloodstone is made up of jasper with bright red spots of iron oxide and part of the quartz family. It’s difficult to find exquisite examples on the market. It’s very popular in India.
Diamond – April
Come in many different colors the most popular of course is colorless. Colored diamonds aren’t as mass marketed as their colorless counterparts. Many are reminded of the four C’s of diamonds. Cut-Clarity-Color-Carat Weight
May – Emerald
The most intense radiant green you can imagine and you have an Emerald. The Inca and Aztecs of South America revered the Emerald as a holy gemstone. It has good hardness but it’s also brittle and can make cutting and setting difficult for even the most skilled jewelers.
June – Alexandrite, Moonstone, and Pearl
The Alexandrite is known for his ability to change soft shades of color from red, purplish-red, or deep red in different lighting.
The Moonstone has been used in jewelry for centuries. It received its name from the sheen cause by how it diffracts light.
The Pearl is a hard object produced by the soft tissue of the shelled mollusk. It is also composed of the same material of the shell of the clam. Pearls come in many different colors and shapes.
Ruby – July
Associated with love, passion, and power the Ruby radiates warmth and vitality. Known as the king of gemstones in the world of gemstones filled with color the Ruby remains the undisputed ruler. Made up of a the chemical aluminum oxide the only gems harder are the moissanite and diamon.
August – Peridot
The Peridot is one of the few gemstones
that only appears in one color, an olive green. The tint and intensity depends on how much iron is contained in the crystal structure. The most valued color of Peridot is a dark olive green.
Sapphire – September
The Sapphire comes in all the colors of blue. this magnificent gemstone also comes in many other colors: not only in the transparent greyish-blue but also in yellow, pink, orange and purple. Sapphires are also used in optical components and scientific instruments.
October – Opal and Pink Tourmaline
Is a form of Silica and is classed as a mineraloid. Opal contains the best possible characteristics of many gemstones. Up to the beginning half of the 19th century were considered rare however today they’re one of the more popular gemstones.
Tourmaline may vary in color from pale pink to deep red. The Tourmaline was used by chemists in teh 19th century to polarized light by shining rays onto a cut and polished surface of the gem.
Honey Topaz and Citrine – November
The Honey Topaz, is a fluorine aluminum silicate. Nicols, the author of one of the first systematic treatises on minerals and gemstones, dedicated two chapters to the topic in 1652.
Citrine, is a variety of quartz whose color ranges from pale yellow to brown due to ferric impurities. It’s nearly impossible to tell a cut Citrine from a yellow topaz however they differ in hardiness.
December – Turquoise, Tanzanite, Blue Zircon
Turquoise is made of copper aluminum phosphate with a hardness of 6. It ranges from hues of blue to grey-green. Oftentimes it has veins of different color running through it.
Tanzanite is normally found in colors of ultramarine blue to light violet. Although most tanzanite are somewhat spoiled by a brownish yellow component if the cutter heats it to 500 degrees the spoil in color can be made to disappear.
Blue Zircon is the most popular color of zircon today. Most Blue Zircon is of the pastel blue variety. Zircon is one of the heavier gemstones which means it might look smaller than other gemstones of the same weight.